Is your PCOS making you bipolar? Here's the link between the hormonal and mental issue
Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD), also known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, is a serious health concern that has taken the world of women by storm (PCOS). The latter is one of the most frequent endocrine illnesses among reproductive-age women in India, affecting at least one out of every ten women.
Missed, irregular, infrequent, or extended periods are indications of PCOS, as are excess androgens, which cause acne and unsightly body and facial hair in girls. It raises the risk of various health issues such as diabetes and high blood pressure, darker skin or extra skin on the neck or armpits, mood swings, pelvic discomfort, and/or weight gain, however, cysts on the ovaries are not present in all women with PCOS.
The most prevalent endocrine illness in women of reproductive age is a polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS. The disease is called after the prominent cysts that can occur on the ovaries, however, it is crucial to remember that this is only a symptom of the disorder and not the cause.
Early identification and treatment, as well as weight loss, can help minimise the risk of chronic illnesses such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
The aetiology of PCOS is unknown, however excess insulin is one of the elements that contribute to the condition. Insulin is a hormone generated by the pancreas that aids in the absorption of sugar, the body's primary source of energy. As your cells evolve to resist the effects of insulin, your blood sugar levels may rise, and your body may create more insulin. Increased insulin levels can lead to an increase in testosterone production, which can make egg maturation difficult. At a lesser level, there is inflammation. This molecule is a component of white blood cells that helps them fight infections.
Women with PCOS have a form of low-grade inflammation that causes their polycystic ovaries to create androgens, which can cause heart and blood vessel issues, according to research. According to the findings, certain genes may be connected to PCOS. Androgen overabundance. Hirsutism and acne are triggered by the ovaries producing an abnormally high quantity of androgen.
PCOS has a prevalence incidence of 46.8 per cent. PCOS has been related to a variety of reproductive, reproductive, and mental health disorders. PCOS is a condition that affects people all over the world. A prospective study from a residential institution in South India revealed a prevalence incidence of 9.13 per cent in 2011.
PCOS is connected to genetic variables, as well as socioeconomic differences and clinical heterogeneity, which may all contribute to the high prevalence of PCOS. Obese and non-obese women can both be affected by PCOS. Hormonal abnormalities in PCOS can manifest themselves in two ways: concurrently or separately.
PCOS is a serious genetic, reproductive, and metabolic disease that is one of the leading causes of female infertility in India, according to Padma Shri Dr Alka Kriplani, Director and Head-Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecology, Obstetrics, and ART at Paras Hospital Gurgaon and PCOS is a serious genetic, reproductive, and metabolic disease that is one of the leading causes of female infertility in India. It causes the ovaries to malfunction, leading to irregular menstruation, elevated levels of male hormones, and polycystic ovaries.
Women with PCOS have a variety of physiological difficulties, including excessive body hair, weight gain, acne, and, in some cases, infertility, if the condition is not adequately treated. But it doesn't end there. According to a study, women with this ailment are more prone to have mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.
PCOS can lead to mental health problems. According to Dr Alka Kriplani, PCOS can cause a variety of mental illnesses. Anxiety, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorders, bulimia, and other eating disorders are among them. Somatization refers to the physical manifestations of unpleasant mental moods, as well as interpersonal sensitivity and other concerns.
According to Dr Alka Kriplani, PCOS symptoms such as excessive hair growth and acne can contribute to low self-esteem, and all of these factors lead to extreme mood swings and feelings of insecurity. All of these conflicting feelings can worsen their mood and exacerbate depression and anxiety symptoms.